Monitoring of the economic and social situation of State Corporation Rosatom host cities
- Spatial Development
- Urban Environment and Economy
- Completed project
Within the framework of the project implementation, the database of urban statistics was updated, methods for comparing cities and methods for visualizing monitoring data were recommended. The project commissioned by the Regional Business Development Department of the Rosatom State Corporation was carried out by the CSR "North-West" Foundation.
The structure of the Rosatom includes organizations and enterprises distributed throughout the territory of Russia. In addition to cities of federal significance and regional centers, the Rosatom State Corporation enterprises and organizations are also located in municipalities where these enterprises are extremely important drivers of growth and places of employment.
To respond efficiently to challenges facing cities with developed nuclear industry it was necessary to develop a system for monitoring the social and economic situation in the Rosatom host cities , with due regard to specific features of their development and functioning. An accompanying task was to develop a visualization system for monitoring data and ways of interpreting the data for executives responsible for making important decisions regarding the cities and enterprises located in them.
The objects under monitoring included 23 cities: 10 ZATOs, 10 satellite cities of NPPs and 3 additional single industry Rosatom corporation host towns.
It should be noted that cities with developed nuclear industry are quite a specific object of urban environmental monitoring because of the specificity of their administrative status, environmental requirements, etc. Closed administrative-territorial entities (ZATOs), for example, have some entry restrictions. Therefore, in the course of the project implementation it was important to understand this specificity and identify the characteristic features of the cities.
In the period from September 30 to October 4, 2015the Rosatom State Corporation and the Regional Business Development Department conducted the industry training seminar on " Top Development Issues facing Russian Cities Hosting Nuclear Power Plants " in the city of Pitsunda (the Republic of Abkhazia) with the participation of representatives of administrations of the cities. The issues discussed included prospects for the implementation of the project and selection of the most appropriate indicators for assessing the urban environment.
On the basis of the results of the examination of Russian and international best practices for urban environment assessment and suggestions made by heads of municipalities, the most acceptable indicators for statistics gathering were selected. The comprehensive list of indicators was divided into four groups:
- Population and standard of living
- Economics and budget
- Employment and social sphere
- Quality of the urban environment and infrastructures
All kinds of city ratings have been gaining increasing popularity over the last decade, which demonstrates high potential of rating in terms of a comparative assessment of the state of cities. Within the framework of this project there was also developed a rating methodology to determine the most and least developed cities for each of the four groups.
On the basis of the updated city statistics the Rosatom State Corporation will publish ratings of the cities hosting nuclear power plants on its official website.
So, the tasks fulfilled by the CSR "North-West" Foundation as part of its intellectual partnership with the State Corporation "Rosatom" were as follows:
- The structure of the database, including four groups of indicators for monitoring the social and economic situation in cities hosting nuclear power plants was formed.
- Data visualization – a template that can be used for preparing a city profile - was created.
- An organizational chart of data collection indicating the sources, frequency and methods of obtaining information was created.
- Based on the results of the inquiries sent out the retrospective statistical data for the period of 2008-2015 was collected.
- The methodology was recommended, the rating was calculated and a template for visualization of rating results was created.
- An algorithm for automated calculation of the rating for 2015 and subsequent years was developed.
Formation of a monitoring system and an appropriate database of indicators will make it possible to create a single source of information on the current situation in the Rosatom host cities, as well as to systematize, visualize and effectively use the previously accumulated information. Expected project results also include:
- Improvement of the quality of management decisions for cities hosting nuclear power plants.
- Increase of the efficiency of interaction between the Rosatom State Corporation and cities/regions.
- Increase of the efficiency of nuclear industry enterprises/organizations a and the State Corporation as a whole.